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ISO 639 language codes

Summary

ISO 639 language names (including native names) and their corresponding ISO 639-1 Alpha-2 language codes. These can be used in e.g. HTML lang and hreflang attribute values to inform about languages, e.g. lang="en".

Introduction #

ISO 639 is a set of international standards (standardized nomenclature) that provides a system for representing language names and language codes. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) developed these standards to create a consistent and uniform way of identifying languages, facilitating communication across different systems and applications.

List of ISO 639 language codes #

List of 639 Language names and their corresponding language codes.
Language nameISO 639-1 code
Abkhaz
аҧсуа
ab
Afar
Afaraf
aa
Afrikaans
Afrikaans
af
Akan
Akan
ak
Albanian
Shqip
sq
Amharic
አማርኛ
am
Arabic
العربية
ar
Aragonese
Aragonés
an
Armenian
Հայերեն
hy
Assamese
অসমীয়া
as
Avaric
авар мацӀ, магӀарул мацӀ
av
Avestan
avesta
ae
Aymara
aymar aru
ay
Azerbaijani
azərbaycan dili
az
Bambara
bamanankan
bm
Bashkir
башҡорт теле
ba
Basque
euskara, euskera
eu
Belarusian
Беларуская
be
Bengali
বাংলা
bn
Bihari
भोजपुरी
bh
Bislama
Bislama
bi
Bosnian
bosanski jezik
bs
Breton
brezhoneg
br
Bulgarian
български език
bg
Burmese
ဗမာစာ
my
Catalan; Valencian
Català
ca
Chamorro
Chamoru
ch
Chechen
нохчийн мотт
ce
Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja
chiCheŵa, chinyanja
ny
Chinese
中文 (Zhōngwén), 汉语, 漢語
zh
Chuvash
чӑваш чӗлхи
cv
Cornish
Kernewek
kw
Corsican
corsu, lingua corsa
co
Cree
ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ
cr
Croatian
hrvatski
hr
Czech
česky, čeština
cs
Danish
dansk
da
Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian;
ދިވެހި
dv
Dutch
Nederlands, Vlaams
nl
English
English
en
Esperanto
Esperanto
eo
Estonian
eesti, eesti keel
et
Ewe
Eʋegbe
ee
Faroese
føroyskt
fo
Fijian
vosa Vakaviti
fj
Finnish
suomi, suomen kieli
fi
French
français, langue française
fr
Fula; Fulah; Pulaar; Pular
Fulfulde, Pulaar, Pular
ff
Galician
Galego
gl
Georgian
ქართული
ka
German
Deutsch
de
Greek, Modern
Ελληνικά
el
Guaraní
Avañeẽ
gn
Gujarati
ગુજરાતી
gu
Haitian; Haitian Creole
Kreyòl ayisyen
ht
Hausa
Hausa, هَوُسَ
ha
Hebrew (modern)
עברית
he
Herero
Otjiherero
hz
Hindi
हिन्दी, हिंदी
hi
Hiri Motu
Hiri Motu
ho
Hungarian
Magyar
hu
Interlingua
Interlingua
ia
Indonesian
Bahasa Indonesia
id
Interlingue
Originally called Occidental; then Interlingue after WWII
ie
Irish
Gaeilge
ga
Igbo
Asụsụ Igbo
ig
Inupiaq
Iñupiaq, Iñupiatun
ik
Ido
Ido
io
Icelandic
Íslenska
is
Italian
Italiano
it
Inuktitut
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ
iu
Japanese
日本語 (にほんご/にっぽんご)
ja
Javanese
basa Jawa
jv
Kalaallisut, Greenlandic
kalaallisut, kalaallit oqaasii
kl
Kannada
ಕನ್ನಡ
kn
Kanuri
Kanuri
kr
Kashmiri
कश्मीरी, كشميري‎
ks
Kazakh
Қазақ тілі
kk
Khmer
ភាសាខ្មែរ
km
Kikuyu, Gikuyu
Gĩkũyũ
ki
Kinyarwanda
Ikinyarwanda
rw
Kirghiz, Kyrgyz
кыргыз тили
ky
Komi
коми кыв
kv
Kongo
KiKongo
kg
Korean
한국어 (韓國語), 조선말 (朝鮮語)
ko
Kurdish
Kurdî, كوردی‎
ku
Kwanyama, Kuanyama
Kuanyama
kj
Latin
latine, lingua latina
la
Luxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
Lëtzebuergesch
lb
Luganda
Luganda
lg
Limburgish, Limburgan, Limburger
Limburgs
li
Lingala
Lingála
ln
Lao
ພາສາລາວ
lo
Lithuanian
lietuvių kalba
lt
Luba-Katanga
Tshiluba
lu
Latvian
latviešu valoda
lv
Manx
Gaelg, Gailck
gv
Macedonian
македонски јазик
mk
Malagasy
Malagasy fiteny
mg
Malay
bahasa Melayu, بهاس ملايو‎
ms
Malayalam
മലയാളം
ml
Maltese
Malti
mt
Māori
te reo Māori
mi
Marathi (Marāṭhī)
मराठी
mr
Marshallese
Kajin M̧ajeļ
mh
Mongolian
монгол
mn
Nauru
Ekakairũ Naoero
na
Navajo, Navaho
Diné bizaad, Dinékʼehǰí
nv
Norwegian Bokmål
Norsk bokmål
nb
North Ndebele
isiNdebele
nd
Nepali
नेपाली
ne
Ndonga
Owambo
ng
Norwegian Nynorsk
Norsk nynorsk
nn
Norwegian
Norsk
no
Nuosu
ꆈꌠ꒿ Nuosuhxop
ii
South Ndebele
isiNdebele
nr
Occitan
Occitan
oc
Ojibwe, Ojibwa
ᐊᓂᔑᓈᐯᒧᐎᓐ
oj
Church/Old Slavic/Slavonic
ѩзыкъ словѣньскъ
cu
Oromo
Afaan Oromoo
om
Oriya
ଓଡ଼ିଆ
or
Ossetian, Ossetic
ирон æвзаг
os
Panjabi, Punjabi
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, پنجابی‎
pa
Pāli
पाऴि
pi
Persian
فارسی
fa
Polish
polski
pl
Pashto, Pushto
پښتو
ps
Portuguese
Português
pt
Quechua
Runa Simi, Kichwa
qu
Romansh
rumantsch grischun
rm
Kirundi
kiRundi
rn
Romanian, Moldavian, Moldovan
română
ro
Russian
русский язык
ru
Sanskrit (Saṁskṛta)
संस्कृतम्
sa
Sardinian
sardu
sc
Sindhi
सिन्धी, سنڌي، سندھی‎
sd
Northern Sami
Davvisámegiella
se
Samoan
gagana faa Samoa
sm
Sango
yângâ tî sängö
sg
Serbian
српски језик
sr
Scottish Gaelic; Gaelic
Gàidhlig
gd
Shona
chiShona
sn
Sinhala, Sinhalese
සිංහල
si
Slovak
slovenčina
sk
Slovene
slovenščina
sl
Somali
Soomaaliga, af Soomaali
so
Southern Sotho
Sesotho
st
Spanish; Castilian
español, castellano
es
Sundanese
Basa Sunda
su
Swahili
Kiswahili
sw
Swati
SiSwati
ss
Swedish
svenska
sv
Tamil
தமிழ்
ta
Telugu
తెలుగు
te
Tajik
тоҷикӣ, toğikī, تاجیکی‎
tg
Thai
ไทย
th
Tigrinya
ትግርኛ
ti
Tibetan Standard, Tibetan, Central
བོད་ཡིག
bo
Turkmen
Türkmen, Түркмен
tk
Tagalog
Wikang Tagalog, ᜏᜒᜃᜅ᜔ ᜆᜄᜎᜓᜄ᜔
tl
Tswana
Setswana
tn
Tonga (Tonga Islands)
faka Tonga
to
Turkish
Türkçe
tr
Tsonga
Xitsonga
ts
Tatar
татарча, tatarça, تاتارچا‎
tt
Twi
Twi
tw
Tahitian
Reo Tahiti
ty
Uighur, Uyghur
Uyƣurqə, ئۇيغۇرچە‎
ug
Ukrainian
українська
uk
Urdu
اردو
ur
Uzbek
zbek, Ўзбек, أۇزبېك‎
uz
Venda
Tshivenḓa
ve
Vietnamese
Tiếng Việt
vi
Volapük
Volapük
vo
Walloon
Walon
wa
Welsh
Cymraeg
cy
Wolof
Wollof
wo
Western Frisian
Frysk
fy
Xhosa
isiXhosa
xh
Yiddish
ייִדיש
yi
Yoruba
Yorùbá
yo
Zhuang, Chuang
Saɯ cueŋƅ, Saw cuengh
za

Parts of ISO 639 #

ISO 639 is divided into different parts, each addressing a specific aspect of language codes:

ISO 639-1 #

This part of the standard specifies two-letter language codes. It is the shorter and more widely used version of language codes in applications where brevity is essential. For example, “en” represents English, “fr” represents French, and “es” represents Spanish.

ISO 639-2 #

This part provides three-letter codes for the representation of languages, including codes for some languages not covered by ISO 639-1. These three-letter codes are useful in situations where more specificity is needed. For example, “eng” represents English, “fra” represents French, and “spa” represents Spanish.

ISO 639-3 #

ISO 639-3 extends the coding system to cover all known languages, including both living and extinct languages. It uses three-letter codes as well. For example, “eng” represents English, “fra” represents French, and “spa” represents Spanish.


ISO 639 codes are widely used in various fields, such as information technology, linguistics, library cataloging, and internationalization. They play a crucial role in ensuring that language-related information is standardized and interoperable across different systems and platforms. They are especially important in contexts where multilingual support and language identification are needed, e.g. in software localization, website content, and databases.


Further readings #

Sources and recommended, further resources on the topic:

Author

Jonas Jared Jacek • J15k

Jonas Jared Jacek (J15k)

Jonas works as project manager, web designer, and web developer since 2001. On top of that, he is a Linux system administrator with a broad interest in things related to programming, architecture, and design. See: https://www.j15k.com/

License

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