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tmux Cheat Sheet


Cheat sheet for the open-source terminal multiplexer tmux. Getting started with tmux. Learn to master tmux with simple commands and shortcuts. For advanced usage, see the official documentation.

Leader #

The leader (also called prefix) — <C-b> — stands for the key combination Ctrl+b.

Session management #

Start a new session:


Start a new session with a name:

tmux new-session -s session_name

Attach to an existing session:

tmux attach-session -t session_name

List existing sessions:

tmux list-sessions

Detach from the current session (<C-b>+d):

tmux detach

Switch between sessions:

tmux switch-client -t session_name
<C-b>+slist sessions
<C-b>+$name sessions

Window management #

Create a new window (<C-b>+c):

tmux new-window

Switch between windows (<C-b>+1, <C-b>+2, etc.):

tmux select-window -t :1

Rename the current window (<C-b>+,):

tmux rename-window new_name

Close the current window (<C-b>+&):

tmux kill-window
<C-b>+ccreate new window
<C-b>+ngo to next window
<C-b>+pgo to previous window
<C-b>+[i]go to [i] window
<C-b>+'select the window index
<C-b>+winteractive index to choose window (0-9a-z)
<C-b>+ffind window by name
<C-b>+lgo to last used window
<C-b>+.interactively move window
<C-b>+,rename current window
<C-b>+&close current window

Pane management #

Split the current pane into two, left and right. (<C-b>+%):

tmux split-window

Split the current pane into two, top and bottom (<C-b>+"):

tmux split-window -h
<C-b>+%split current pane into two, left and right
<C-b>+"split current pane into two, top and bottom

Moving between panes #

Navigate between panes (<C-b>+ arrow keys or <C-b>+q):

tmux select-pane -[U/D/L/R]
<C-b>+[↑|↓|→|←]move through panes
<C-b>+ogo to next pane (cycle)
<C-b>+;go to last used pane

Resizing panes #

Resize panes <C-b>+ hold down Ctrl, then use arrow keys:

tmux resize-pane -[U/D/L/R] 10

Zoom in/out of the current pane (<C-b>+z):

tmux resize-pane -Z
<C-b>+ Esc+[↑|↓|→|←]Change size of active pane
<C-b>+ Alt+[↑|↓|→|←]Change size of active pane

Command Mode #

Enter command mode (<C-b>+:):


Kill a pane or window in command mode:

kill-pane  # (or kill-window)

Miscellaneous #

Show tmux help / list all key bindings (<C-b>+?):

tmux list-keys

Reload tmux configuration:

tmux source-file ~/.tmux.conf

These commands should help you get started with tmux.

Customize the key bindings and settings in your ~/.tmux.conf file to suit your preferences.

Tmux has many features. For advanced usage, see the official documentation.

Further readings #

Sources and recommended, further resources on the topic:


Jonas Jared Jacek • J15k

Jonas Jared Jacek (J15k)

Jonas works as project manager, web designer, and web developer since 2001. On top of that, he is a Linux system administrator with a broad interest in things related to programming, architecture, and design. See:


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